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National Observatory on the Condition of Persons with Disabilities

 

Norms


Analysis of the norms and documents on the policies in force

The first suggestion made by the UN to the  Countries on the monitoring and implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities  on the normative level.

Besides the collection of normative sources, also with a view to  establishing  a comparison, it is important to understand their relevance with respect to the principles and indications of the text of the Convention.

To evaluate legislations and policies in terms of implementation of the rights of persons with disabilities,   numerous ad-hoc European tools are available,  such as the tools of the Council of Europe (Social Cohesion Indicators and the new assessment indicators for the implementation of the Action Plan of the Council of Europe).

The Disability Action Plan of the Council of Europe is considered by the Council itself as an implementation tool of the Convention and lists a series of policies and concrete actions able to comply with the articles of the Convention.

 Additionally, the EU Strategy 2010-2020 is also conceived to promote the implementation of the Convention by Member States through a series of key actions divided into eight areas of intervention:

  1. accessibility;
  2. participation;
  3. equality;
  4. employment;
  5. education and training;
  6. social protection;
  7. health;
  8. external action.

Collecting norms is the reference basis underpinning the work of the Observatory and its working groups and is the role of the Institute of International Legal Studies (Istituto Studi Giuridici Internazionali) of the National Council of Research (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche – CNR[1]).

National statistic systems are a "routine" tool for data collection, similarly, norms collection and assessment are the reference institutional activity for the Observatory.

The main programmatic documents officially approved by the national government (Health plan and plans in the field of transport, labour policies, etc.) and currently into force are included in this work of systemic collection and assessment.

Given the highly-decentralized nature of social and health policies in Italy, expanding the analysis to regional regulatory and programmatic sources is considered necessary, especially in fields of particular importance.